Faculty Profile

Amie Lund

Title
Associate Professor
Department
Biological Sciences
College
College of Science

    

Education

PhD, University of New Mexico, 2005.
Major: Biomedical Sciences - Toxicology
Degree Specialization: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Dissertation Title: Factors which Mediate Cardiac Hypertrophy in Aryl Hydrocarbon Recpetor (AhR) Null Mice: Characterizing a Role for the AhR in Cardiovascular Physiology.
BS, Kansas State University, 1994.
Major: Biology

Current Scheduled Teaching*

BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2023
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2023
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2023
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2022
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2022
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Fall 2022
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2022 Syllabus
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2022 Syllabus
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2022
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2022

* Texas Education Code 51.974 (HB 2504) requires each institution of higher education to make available to the public, a syllabus for undergraduate lecture courses offered for credit by the institution.

Previous Scheduled Teaching*

BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Summer 10W 2022
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Summer 10W 2022
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Summer 10W 2022
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W2 2022
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Summer 10W 2022
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2022
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2022 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2022 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2022
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2022
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2021
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Fall 2021
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2021
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Fall 2021
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2021 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2021 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2021
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Summer 10W 2021
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2021 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Summer 10W 2021
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Summer 10W 2021
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2021
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2021 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2021 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 3996.721, Honors College Mentored Research Experience, Spring 2021
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2021
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Spring 2021
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2021
BIOC 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2020
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2020
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Fall 2020
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2020
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2020 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2020 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2020
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Summer 10W 2020
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2020 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Summer 10W 2020
BIOC 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2020
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2020
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2020 Syllabus
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2020 Syllabus
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2020
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2020
BIOC 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2019
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2019
BIOL 3996.721, Honors College Mentored Research Experience, Fall 2019
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2019
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2019 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2019 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2019
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2019
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Summer 10W 2019
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W2 2019
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W1 2019
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2019
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2019 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2019 SPOT
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Spring 2019
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2019
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2019
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2019
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2018
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Fall 2018
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2018
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2018 SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2018 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2018
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Summer 5W1 2018
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Summer 5W2 2018
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2018 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Summer 10W 2018
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2018
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2018 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2018 SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2018
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2018
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2018
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2017
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2017
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2017 SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2017 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2017
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2017 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 3996.708, Honors College Mentored Research Experience, Summer 10W 2017 Syllabus
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W2 2017
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W1 2017
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Spring 2017
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2017 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2017 SPOT
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2017
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2017
BIOL 6950.721, Doctoral Dissertation, Fall 2016
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Fall 2016
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2016
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Fall 2016
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2016 SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2016 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2016
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Fall 2016
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2016 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2016 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2016 SPOT
BIOL 4951.701, Honors College Capstone Thesis, Spring 2016
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2016
BIOL 5950.721, Master's Thesis, Spring 2016
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2016
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2016
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2015
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2015 SPOT
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2015 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2015
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2015 Syllabus SPOT
BIOL 4370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2015 Syllabus
BIOL 5370.001, General Toxicology, Spring 2015
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Spring 2015
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Spring 2015
BIOL 6940.721, Individual Research, Fall 2014
BIOL 5150.001, Pharmacology, Fall 2014
BIOL 4250.001, Pharmacology:, Fall 2014 Syllabus
BIOL 4900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2014
BIOL 1132.001, Environmental Science, Summer 5W1 2014 Syllabus
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W1 2014
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Summer 5W2 2014
BIOL 1132.003, Environmental Science, Spring 2014 Syllabus
BIOL 5910.721, Special Problems, Spring 2014
BIOL 1112.002, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 1112.816, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 1112.818, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 1112.853, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 1112.867, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 5900.721, Special Problems, Fall 2013
BIOL 1132.004, Environmental Science, Spring 2013 Syllabus
BIOL 1112.003, Contemporary Biology, Fall 2012 Syllabus

* Texas Education Code 51.974 (HB 2504) requires each institution of higher education to make available to the public, a syllabus for undergraduate lecture courses offered for credit by the institution.

Published Publications

Published Intellectual Contributions

Book Chapter
Lund, A. K. (2018). Oxidants and Endothelial Dysfunction. Comprehensive Toxicology, 3rd Edition. (3rd), . Amsterdam,: Elsevier Limited Publisher. http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/tox3/
Lund, A. K. (2011). Environmental Cardiology, 1st edition.  Chapter:  Cardiovascular Effects of Diesel and Automobile Exhaust"..
Lund, A. K. (2011). Systemic Health Effects of Carbon Nanotubes following Inhalation.. The Toxicology of Nanotubes. Chapter 11, .
Lund, A. K. Chapter III: Oxidants and Endothelial Dysfunction.. Comprehensive Toxicology. (2nd), . Amsterdam,: Elsevier Limited Publisher.
Journal Article
Phillippi, D., Daniel, S., Pusadkar, V., Youngblood, V., Nguyen, K., Azad, R. K., McFarlin, B. K., Lund, A. K. (2022). Inhaled diesel exhaust particles result in microbiome-related systemic inflammation and altered cardiovascular disease biomarkers in C57Bl/6 male mice.. Particle and Fibre Toxicology.
Nayek, S., Lund, A. K., Verbeck, G. F. (2022). Inhalation exposure to silver nanoparticles induces hepatic inflammation and oxidative stress, associated with altered renin-angiotensin system signaling, in Wistar rats. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 37, 457-467. Wiley.
Adivi, A., Lucero, J., Simpson, N., McDonald, D., Lund, A. (2022). Traffic-Generated Air Pollution– Exposure Mediated Expression of Factors Associated with Demyelination in a Female Apolipoprotein E-/- Mouse Model.. Neurotoxicology and Teratology.
Butcher, G., Davidson, A., Sloan, A., Schneider, L., Lund, A., Becker, A. M. (2022). An apparatus for automatically training and collecting individualized behavioral data with socially housed rodents. Journal of Neuroscience Methods.
Nayak, S., De Silva, I. W., Aquilar, R., Lund, A., Verbeck, G. F. (2021). Toxicological alterations induced by sub-acute exposure of silver nanoparticles in Wistar rats. Journal of Applied Toxocology.
Phillps, B. L., Suwannsaul, U., Lucero, J., Mitchell, N., Lund, A. K. (2021). Vehicle emissions-exposure alters expression of systemic and tissue-specific components of the renin-angiotensin system and promotes outcomes associated with cardiovascular disease and obesity in wild-type C57BL/6 male mice.. Other.
Daniel, S., Pusadkar, V., McDonald, J. D., Mirpuri, J., Azad, R. K., Goven, A. J., Lund, A. (2021). Traffic generated emissions alter the lung microbiota by promoting the expansion of Proteobacteria in C57Bl/6 mice placed on a high-fat diet.. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.
Adivi, A., Lucero, J., Simpson, N., McDonald, J. D., Lund, A. K. (2021). Exposure to traffic-generated air pollution promotes alterations in the integrity of the brain microvasculature and inflammation in female ApoE-/- mice.. Toxicology Letters. 339, 39-50.
Daniel, S., Phillippi, D., Schneider, L. J., Nguyen, K. N., Mirpuri, J., Lund, A. K. (2021). Exposure to diesel exhaust particles results in altered lung microbial profiles, associated with increased reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species and inflammation, in C57Bl/6 wildtype mice on a high-fat diet.. Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 18(1), 3.
Armstrong, T. D., Suwannasual, U., Kennedy, C. L., Thasma, A., Schneider, L. J., Phillippi, D., Lund, A. K. (2021). Exposure to Traffic-Generated Pollutants Exacerbates the Expression of Factors Associated with the Pathophysiology of Alzheimer's Disease in Aged C57BL/6 Wild-Type Mice.. Other. 78(4), 1453-1471.
Magnuson, J., Bautista, N., JoAnn, L., Lund, A., Xu, E., Schlenk, D., Burggren, W. W., Roberts, A. (2020). Exposure to crude oil induces retinal apoptosis and impairs visual function in fish. Environmental Science & Technology. 54(5), 2843–2850.
Fitch, M. N., Phillippi, D., Zhang, Y., Lucero, J., Pandey, R. S., Liu, J., Brower, J., Allen, M. S., Campen, M. J., McDonald, J. D., Lund, A. K. (2020). Effects of inhaled air pollution on markers of integrity, inflammation, and microbiota profiles of the intestines in Apolipoprotein E knockout mice.. Other. 181, 108913.
Guyot, A. C., Leuxe, C., Disdier, C., Oumata, N., Costa, N., Roux, G. L., Varela, P. F., Duchon, A., Charbonnier, J. B., Herault, Y., Pavoni, S., Galons, H., Andriambeloson, E., Wagner, S., Meijer, L., Lund, A. K., Mabondzo, A. (2020). A Small Compound Targeting Prohibitin with Potential Interest for Cognitive Deficit Rescue in Aging mice and Tau Pathology Treatment.. Scientific Reports. 10(1), 1143.
Suwannasual, U., Lucero, J., Davis, G., McDonald, J. D., Lund, A. K. (2019). Mixed Vehicle Emissions Induces Angiotensin II and Cerebral Microvascular Angiotensin Receptor Expression in C57Bl/6 Mice and Promotes Alterations in Integrity in a Blood-Brain Barrier Coculture Model.. Other. 170(2), 525-535.
Davis, G., Lucero, J., Fellers, C., McDonald, J., Lund, A. K. (2018). The effects of subacute inhaled multi-walled carbon nanotube exposure on signaling pathways associated with cholesterol transport and inflammatory markers in the vasculature of wild-type mice.. Toxicology Letters. 296, 48-62.
Suwannasual, U., Lucero, J., McDonald, J., Lund, A. K. (2018). Exposure to Traffic-Generated Air Pollutants Mediates Alterations in Brain Microvascular Integrity in Wildtype Mice on a High-Fat Diet.. 160, 449-461. Elsevier.
Disdier, C., Chalansonnet, M., Gagnaire, F., Gate, L., Cosnier, F., Devoy, J., Saba, W., Lund, A. K., Brun, E., Mabondzo, A. (2017). Brain Inflammation, Blood Brain Barrier dysfunction and Neuronal Synaptophysin Decrease after Inhalation Exposure to Titanium Dioxide Nano-aerosol in Aging Rats.. Scientific Reports. 7(1), .
Lucero, J., Suwannasual, U., Herbert, L., McDonald, J., Lund, A. K. (2017). The Role of the Lectin-like oxLDL Receptor (LOX-1) in Traffic-Generated Air Pollution Exposure-mediated Blood Brain Barrier Disruption in Apolipoprotein (Apo) E Knockout Mice.. Inhalation Toxicology.
Lund, A. K., Mumaw, C. L., Levesque, S., McGraw, C., Robertson, S., Lucas, S., Stafflinger, J. E., Campen, M. J., Hall, P., Norenbuerg, J. P., Anderson, T. A., McDonald, J. D., Ottens, A. K., Block, M. L. (2016). Microglial priming through the lung-brain axis: the role of air pollution-induced circulating factors. FASEB Journal. 30(5), 1880-1891.
Lund, A. K., Disdier, C., Devoy, J., Cosnefroy, A., Chalansonnet, M., Herlin-Boime, N., Brun, E., Mabondzo, A. (2015). Tissue Biodistribution of Intravenously Administrated Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Revealed Blood-Brain Barrier Clearance and Brain Inflammation in Rat.. Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 12(1), 20.
Lund, A. K., Mauderly, J. L., Barrett, E. G., Day, K. C., Gigliotti, A. P., McDonald, J. D., Harrod, K. S., Reed, M. D., Seagrave, J., Campen, M. J., Seilkop, S. K. (2014). The National Environmental Respiratory Center (NERC) experiment in multi-pollutant air quality health research: II. Comparison of responses to diesel and gasoline engine exhausts, hardwood smoke and simulated downwind coal emissions.. Inhalation Toxicology. 26(11), 651-657.
Lund, A. K., Mauderly, J. L., Kraco, D., Brower, J., Doyle-Eisele, M., McDonald, J. D., Seilkop, S. K. (2014). The National Environmental Respiratory Center (NERC) experiment in multi-pollutant air quality health research: IV. Vascular effects of repeated inhalation exposure to a mixture of five inorganic gases.. Inhalation Toxicology. 26(11), 691-696.
Lund, A. K., Campen, M. J., Robertson, S., Lucero, J., McDonald, J. D. (2014). Engine exhaust particulate and gas phase contributions to vascular toxicity.. Inhalation Toxicology. 26(6), 353-360.
Lund, A. K., Doyle-Eisele, M., Lin, Y. H., Arashiro, M., Surratt, J., Holmes, T., Schilling, K. A., Sienfeld, J. H., Rohr, A. C., Knipping, E. M., McDonald, J. D. (2013). Effects of exposure to α-pinene- vs. toluene-derived secondary organic aerosol on the expression of markers associated with vascular disease..
Lund, A. K., Oppenheim, H., Lucero, J., Herbert, L. M., Mabondzo, A., McDonald, J. D., (2013). Exposure to vehicle emissions results in altered blood brain barrier permeability and expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tight junction proteins in mice..
Lund, A. K. (2013). HIV Tat Induces Expression of ICAM-1 in HUVECs: Implications for miR-221/222 in HIV-Associated Cardiomyopathy..
Lund, A. K. (2012). Cardiopulmonary response to inhalation of secondary organic aerosol derived from gas-phase oxidation of toluene. Related Links: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22954394.
Lund, A. K. (2012). Identification of chemical components of combustion emissions that affect pro-atherosclerotic vascular responses in mice. Related Links: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22486345.
Lund, A. K. (2012). Mechanisms Linking Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Atherosclerosis..
Lund, A. K. (2011). Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Transgenic Rats Exhibit Pulmonary Hypertension..
Lund, A. K. (2011). LOX-1 Mediates Vascular Inflammation and Oxidative Injury Caused by Inhaled Vehicular Emissions ..
Lund, A. K. (2010). A comparison of vascular effects from complex and individual air pollutants indicates a role for monoxide gases and volatile hydrocarbons. Related Links: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.libproxy.unm.edu/pubmed/20197249.
Lund, A. K. (2010). Cardiopulmonary Response to Inhalation of Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosol ..
Lund, A. K. (2010). Inhaled Diesel Emissions Alter Atherosclerotic Plaque Composition in ApoE-/- Mice..
Lund, A. K. (2010). Vascular and Cardiac Impairments in Rats Inhaling Ozone and Diesel Exhaust Particles..
Lund, A. K. (2009). Vehicular Emissions Induce Vascular MMP-9 Expression and Activity Associated with Endothelin-1 Mediated Pathways ..
Lund, A. K. (2008). Loss of the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Induces Hypoxemia, Endothelin-1, and Systemic Hypertension at Modest Altitude..
Lund, A. K. (2007). Gasoline Exhaust Emissions Induce Vascular Remodeling Pathways Involved in Atherosclerosis ..
Lund, A. K. (2006). Characterizing the role of endothelin-1 in the progression of cardiac hypertrophy in Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) null mice ..
Lund, A. K. (2005). Endothelin-1 Mediated Increase in Reactive Oxygen Species and NADPH Oxidase Activity in Hearts of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AhR) Null Mice ..
Lund, A. K. (2004). Persistence of mitochondrial toxicity in hearts of female B6C3F1 mice exposed in utero to 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine..
Lund, A. K. (2003). Cardiac Hypertrophy in Aryl Hydrocarbon (AhR) Null Mice is Associated with Elevated Angiotensin II, Endothelin-1 and Mean Arterial Blood Pressure..
Popular Press Article
Lund, A. K. (2008). Diesel Exhaust Exposure Enhances Venoconstriction via Uncoupling of eNOS..

Awarded Grants

Contracts, Grants and Sponsored Research

Grant - Research
Lund, A. K. (Principal), McFarlin, B. K. (Supporting), Lucero, J. (Supporting), "The Renin-Angiotensin System in Air Pollution-Mediated Exacerbation of Obesity," Sponsored by National Institute of Health (NIH) / National Institute of Environmental Health and Safety (NIEHS), Federal, $437964.00 Funded. (September 15, 2017August 31, 2020).
Lund, A. (Principal), "Investigating the Production of Gut Microbiome-derived Factors in Air Pollution-Exposure Mediated Blood Brain Barrier Disruption," Sponsored by Office of Research and Innovation, University of North Texas, $10000 Funded. (October 20, 2017August 31, 2018).
Lund, A. K. (Principal), "Activation of MMP9 Mediates Vascular Effects of Inhaled Air Pollutants.," Sponsored by NIH/NIEHS, Federal, $816473 Funded. (September 1, 2008July 31, 2013).
Grant - Service
Andrew, S. A. (Principal), Fischer, L. (Principal), Kelly, A. (Principal), Jang, H. S., Lund, A. (Principal), Champlin, S. (Co-Principal), Liang, L. (Principal), "PARSci Faculty Network Mentoring," Sponsored by UNT Office of Faculty Success, University of North Texas, $4300 Funded. (January 1, 2021January 1, 2022).
Hunt von Herbing, I. (Co-Principal), Padilla, P. (Principal), Golden, T. D. (Co-Principal), Lund, A. K. (Co-Principal), Philipose, U. (Co-Principal), Wang, X., "Women in Science Mentoring Group: Team Mentoring Grant (renewed for a second year - $5000 per year)," Sponsored by University of North Texas, University of North Texas, $10000 Funded. (May 2018May 2020).
,
Overall
Summative Rating
Challenge and
Engagement Index
Response Rate

out of 5

out of 7
%
of
students responded
  • Overall Summative Rating (median):
    This rating represents the combined responses of students to the four global summative items and is presented to provide an overall index of the class’s quality. Overall summative statements include the following (response options include a Likert scale ranging from 5 = Excellent, 3 = Good, and 1= Very poor):
    • The course as a whole was
    • The course content was
    • The instructor’s contribution to the course was
    • The instructor’s effectiveness in teaching the subject matter was
  • Challenge and Engagement Index:
    This rating combines student responses to several SPOT items relating to how academically challenging students found the course to be and how engaged they were. Challenge and Engagement Index items include the following (response options include a Likert scale ranging from 7 = Much higher, 4 = Average, and 1 = Much lower):
    • Do you expect your grade in this course to be
    • The intellectual challenge presented was
    • The amount of effort you put into this course was
    • The amount of effort to succeed in this course was
    • Your involvement in course (doing assignments, attending classes, etc.) was
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